The highest geometric field in the world, where water and steam violently burst from the ground.
They are more than four thousand meters above sea level, making them the highest geysers in the world. It is the largest group of geysers in the southern hemisphere and the third largest in the world, after Yellowstone (United States) and Kronotski Nature Reserve.
Where are the Tatyo Geysers located?
The amazing tatyo geysers are located 90 kilometers from San Pedro de Atacama and have their peak time between 05:30 and 07:00 in the morning, when the height of the steam jets reaches 10 meters in height. In the early hours of the morning the temperatures are very low, even reaching -20 °. On the way back, you can take advantage of the Puritama Hot Springs, which are natural water pools. You can also visit the Machuca town that has only 20 houses and a church. The families are dedicated to herding llamas and handicrafts that they sell to tourists.
When to visit the Tatyo Geysers?
An important issue is the schedule in which Tatyo’s Geysers should be visited. Let us remember that they are at a height of more than 4 thousand meters above sea level. During the morning, very low temperatures occur, and that is when the jets of boiling water make their appearance.
This is how in the morning it is the time in which the jets offer the most number of exits in their number of their appearances at their highest height is when they easily manage to reach up to about 10 meters.
Tatyo Geysers Areas
There are three areas of the Tatio geothermal field which have different characteristics.
The Main Terrace
The Main Terrace is located near the sloping part of the Valley. Its main characteristic is that it is the largest. Being that it occupies an area on average that covers about 5 km2, this is how the water is discharged, and it also has large terraces called sinters. It is here that the cones that are considered larger are either active or inactive. And where it has been observed how the tallest geyser has been able to reach up to 5 meters in height. And they may appear to have some predictable intervals.
The Middle Terrace
It is located just south of the Main Terrace. Its silica composition is mainly found. In addition there are also the so-called pools or the same pool that have a depth of about 3 meters with eruptions like a fountain. In relation to the eruptions, they occur continuously and can be measured in a short way, and the eruptions are considered erratically both in terms of the intervals in time and the height they reach.
The Lower Terrace
It is also known as “Grupo del Río” and is located right next to the Río Salado and its location is about 2 kilometers down the river from the so-called Cuenca Media. There is not much presence of silica, since geysers are found underground. There are about 10 springs that erupt very close to the river and their height averages between 1 to 3 meters.